A chemical peel is a technique used to improve and smooth the texture of the facial skin using a chemical solutions (from sugar cane, tomato, papaya,Vitamins) that causes the dead skin to peel off . When the upper layer peels of, the new skin (superﬁcial layer growth quicker. The regenerated skin is usually smoother, less wrinkled and better hydrated than the old skin.
DIFFERENT KINDS OF PEEL
1) Alpha hydroxy acid peels
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHA PEEL) are a natural constituent of sugar cane juice and lactic acid, found in sour milk and tomato juice. In aesthetic it used for treatment of ﬁne wrinkles, areas of dryness, uneven pigmentation and acne. AHAs only work on the surface of the skin They might be used as part of a daily skin-care regimen to improve the skin's texture.
There are ﬁve usual fruit acids:
- citric acid,
- glycolic acid,
- lactic acid,
- malic acid and
- tartaric acid.
any other alpha hydroxy acids exist and are used.
They work on the surface of the skin. AHA peels may cause stinging, skin redness, mild skin irritation, and dryness.
2) Beta hydroxy acid peels
They get deeper into the pore than AHA. Studies show that BHA peels control sebum excretion, acne as well as remove dead skin cells. Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid.
3) Jessner's peel
Jessner's peel solution, formerly known as the Coombe's formula, was pioneered by Dr Max Jessner, a German-American dermatologist. Dr Jessner combined 14% salicylic acid, lactic acid, and resorcinol. It breaks intracellular bridges between keratinocytes.
4) Retinoic acid peel
Retinoic acid is a retinoid. This is a deeper peel than the beta hydroxy acid peel and is used to remove scars as well as wrinkles and pigmentation problems. It is usually performed in conjunction with a Jessner; which is performed right before, in order to open up the skin, so the retinoic acid can penetrate on a deeper level. The client leaves with the chemical peel solution on their face. The peeling process takes place on the third day. More dramatic changes to the skin require multiple peels over time.